Hebrews 7:1-3 KJV
For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him;
To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace;
Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually.
Melchisedec has been an underlying subject throughout chapters five and six but rises to the surface as the focal subject of this chapter. Though there is considerable debate as to exactly who he was, it is without question that both the Psalmist and Apostle meant him as a figure of Jesus Christ. Speaking of Christ as being a priest after the order of Melchisedec there are at least three things we know about this order:
It is not the after the order of the Old Testament priesthood
Thus, it precedes it and then replaces it. The modern Messianic Jews, as were the Judaizers of early Christianity, very much mistaken in attempting to marry the two.
It is better than the Old Testament priesthood
It is not merely an alternative. It us not intended that those who prefer to worship their Messiah may do so under a form of Judaism and those who understand Him to be Christ may worship Him in church. New Testament church theology is the perfection of the weak Old Testament law theology.
It is an eternal and not temporal priesthood
The Aaronic priesthood was given for a specific time. The Melchisedec priesthood existed previous to it and survives after it. The Aaronic priesthood was to be done away (though unbelieving Israel had yet to put it away) but the Melchisedec priesthood, like Melchisedec himself, has no end of days.
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